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Understanding Cholesterol: The good one and the bad one
Human Nutrition

Understanding Cholesterol: The good one and the bad one

Cholesterol is a type of fat that moves throughout the human body in our blood. It is not adherently bad as our body requires cholesterol to make cells, vitamins, and hormones. However, too much cholesterol poses health problems.

 

Cholesterol originates from two sources:

 

  1. The liver makes the required cholesterol

  2. The remaining cholesterol comes from our diet

 

Foods high in saturated and trans fats can cause the liver to produce more cholesterol than it otherwise would. All together, added cholesterol intake and liver production mean that the blood cholesterol goes from a normal cholesterol level to unhealthy.

 

High blood cholesterol contributes to a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart disease and stroke1. The two types of blood cholesterol are the “bad” LDL cholesterol and the “good” HDL. 

 

Too much of the “bad” kind, or not enough of the “good” kind, increases the risk of cholesterol building up in the inner walls of the arteries.

 

The stated cholesterol content on the nutrition information panel informs the consumers accordingly. It is crucial to monitor the dietary intake of cholesterol. 


1https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cholesterol/about-cholesterol

 

Posted on 3 Sep 2021

Posted by Dr. Loke Wai Mun

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