Sweeteners: Caloric vs. Non-Caloric
Functional Food

Sweeteners: Caloric vs. Non-Caloric

In view of the obesity pandemic occurring around the world, nutritionists are becoming concerned about the calories contributed by the sweeteners present in food and beverages. 


Sugar-sweetened beverage intake has been associated with obesity and poor health outcomes caused by the empty calories of sugar. What are the other sweeteners approved to be added in food and beverages? Do they provide calories like sugar? 


Unsurprisingly, sweeteners can be classified as caloric or non-caloric. 


Table showing the caloric and non-caloric sweeteners approved by Singapore Food1 for uses in food and beverages*

Caloric Sweeteners Calories Non-caloric Sweeteners
Alcohol sugars - Erythritol, Lactitol, Maltitol, and Xylitol 1.5 - 3 calories/ g Acesulfame
Aspartame 4 calories/ g Advantame
Isomalt 2 calories/ g Cyclamates
Polyglycitol syrup 3 calories/ g Neotame
Sucrose or common sugar 4 calories/ g Saccharin
Thaumatin 4 calories/ g Sucralose
    Steviol glycosides or stevia

* Refer to the Singapore Food Regulations for the approved usage.


After knowing the nature (natural vs. artificial and caloric vs. non-caloric) of the approved sweeteners in our food and beverages, we are better informed when choosing the sweeteners in our food and beverages. 


1 Food additives permitted under the Singapore Food Regulations.


Posted on 29 June 2021

Posted by Dr. Loke Wai Mun

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