Sweeteners: Caloric vs. Non-Caloric
In view of the obesity pandemic occurring around the world, nutritionists are becoming concerned about the calories contributed by the sweeteners present in food and beverages.
Sugar-sweetened beverage intake has been associated with obesity and poor health outcomes caused by the empty calories of sugar. What are the other sweeteners approved to be added in food and beverages? Do they provide calories like sugar?
Unsurprisingly, sweeteners can be classified as caloric or non-caloric.
Table showing the caloric and non-caloric sweeteners approved by Singapore Food1 for uses in food and beverages*
|Caloric Sweeteners||Calories||Non-caloric Sweeteners|
|Alcohol sugars - Erythritol, Lactitol, Maltitol, and Xylitol||1.5 - 3 calories/ g||Acesulfame|
|Aspartame||4 calories/ g||Advantame|
|Isomalt||2 calories/ g||Cyclamates|
|Polyglycitol syrup||3 calories/ g||Neotame|
|Sucrose or common sugar||4 calories/ g||Saccharin|
|Thaumatin||4 calories/ g||Sucralose|
|Steviol glycosides or stevia|
* Refer to the Singapore Food Regulations for the approved usage.
After knowing the nature (natural vs. artificial and caloric vs. non-caloric) of the approved sweeteners in our food and beverages, we are better informed when choosing the sweeteners in our food and beverages.
Posted on 29 June 2021