Mediterranean Diet & Physical Fitness
I had been writing about the health benefits of adopting the Mediterranean diet. There is one domain I have yet to write on the Mediterranean diet, the relationships between the Mediterranean diet and physical fitness.
A systematic review of 30 studies involving 36,807 individuals examined the associations between high (vs. low) Mediterranean diet adherence and physical fitness levels in adults. The review concludes that high adherence to Mediterranean diet was associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness, musculoskeletal fitness, and overall physical fitness than low adherence to Mediterranean diet. This conclusion becomes more significant when physical fitness level is regarded as a crucial marker of health status throughout adulthood.
Bizzozero-Peroni, Bruno, Brazo-Sayavera, Javier, Martínez-Vizcaíno, Vicente, Fernández-Rodríguez, Rubén, López-Gil, José F, Díaz-Goñi, Valentina, Cavero-Redondo, Iván & Mesas, Arthur E. 2022. High Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet is Associated with Higher Physical Fitness in Adults: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Advances in Nutrition.