Free/ Added Sugar Intake Recommendations
Lifestyle & Wellness

Free/ Added Sugar Intake Recommendations

Sugar is widely consumed worldwide, though the mainstream view is that high added/ free sugar consumption leads to obesity and related metabolic diseases.

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition recently published a narrative review highlighting important findings and identifying major limitations and gaps in the current body of evidence in relation to the effect of high sugar intake on health.[1] 

High sugar consumption causes consequent high blood sugar levels and insulin resistance Most if not all human observational studies and clinical trials linking high sugar intake to obesity focused on sugar-sweetened beverages, and studies focusing on sugars from solid foods yielded null findings. The authors acknowledged the substantial limitations in the current body of evidence seriously curtails the translatability of the findings to the real-world situation. It is quite possible that sugar consumption at 25% daily energy intake, especially in the solid form, may indeed not pose a health risk for individuals apart from the potential to reduce the overall dietary nutrient density (sugar displacing other nutrients). The authors argued the current public health recommendations to encourage the reduction of both solid and liquid forms of free sugars intake (e.g., sugar reformulation programs) should be revised due to the over-extrapolation of results from sugar-sweetened beverage studies.[1]

1 Yan, Rina Ruolin, Bun Chan, Chi & Chun Yu Louie, Jimmy. 2022. Current World Health Organization recommendation to reduce free sugar intake from all sources to below 10% of daily energy intake for supporting overall health is not well-supported by available evidence. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Posted by Dr. Loke Wai Mun