Food Antioxidants for Children
The digestion of food and further gut microbial activity produce a vast arrays of biological active molecules. This has been previously shown for Some phytochemicals have been previously shown to change their antioxidant capacity after being metabolized by gut microbes. The effects of digestion and gut microbial modification on the antioxidant capacity of specific food products is relatively unknown. In a recently published study, the digestion and gut microbial modification was mimicked in vitro . The subsequent antioxidant capacities were assessed. Overall, cereals, fruits and vegetables displayed a higher contribution to their daily antioxidant intake, while tubers, fish and meat exhibited a higher antioxidant capacity by serving size . Gut microbial modification returned a higher antioxidant capacity, which could imply that there is a significant role of the gut microbiota in enhancing the antioxidant capacity of some food products .
1. Navajas-Porras, Beatriz, Pérez-Burillo, Sergio, Hinojosa-Nogueira, Daniel, Douros, Konstantinos, Pastoriza, Silvia & Rufián-Henares, José Ángel. 2022. The Intake of Antioxidant Capacity of Children Depends on Their Health Status. Nutrients 14: 3965.