Dietary Fat & Cardiometabolic Outcomes in Italian Adults
Dietary fats, and especially saturated fatty acid, have been branded as the culprit of obesity and its associated diseases. This misunderstanding persists even though multiple systematic reviews and recent meta-analyses fail to support the association between saturated fatty acid and cardiovascular diseases.
A recently published study assessed whether specific types and subtypes of dietary fats are associated with metabolic outcomes in a cohort of Italian adults. Individuals reporting higher intakes of total and saturated fats were associated with lower likelihood of having hypertension. Higher intake of short-chain and medium-chain saturated fatty acids was inversely associated with dyslipidemia and diabetes. The consumption of saturated fatty acids does not seem to be harmful to cardiometabolic health and, on the contrary, short-chain and medium chain fatty acids may exert beneficial effects.
I have, so far, written two posts on saturated fats. Saturated fats may not be as bad as what we believe. Further studies are needed to clearly validate these results.
Currenti, Walter, Godos, Justyna, Alanazi, Amer M., Grosso, Giuseppe, Cincione, Raffaele Ivan, La Vignera, Sandro, Buscemi, Silvio & Galvano, Fabio. 2022. Dietary Fats and Cardio-Metabolic Outcomes in a Cohort of Italian Adults. Nutrients 14: 4294.