Bioactives in Fruits and Vegetables
Food bioactives are defined as substances present in food that exert biological effects in humans, usually in positive manners. Previously, I had written on the importance of fruit and vegetable intakes on health.
What are the bioactives present in most fruits and vegetables that contribute to their health benefits?
Nutritionists and dietitians advise consuming at least two servings each of fruits and vegetable daily1. When asked about the importance of fruit and vegetable intake, they will talk about the roles played by dietary fibers, vitamins, and minerals that are naturally present in fruits and vegetables.
Recent sciences have discovered that fruit and vegetable consumption offers significant health benefits deriving from more than just these critical nutrients. Nutrition scientists and pharmacologists are now focusing on phytochemicals, like polyphenols, plant sterols, and stanols, present in fruits and vegetables.
Where some of the vitamins and minerals can be derived from non-plant dietary sources, human bodies can obtain dietary fibers and phytochemicals only through the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Posted on 6 July 2021